Some programmers have a passion for finding good abstractions, while some are skilled at navigating the swamps of complex code left to them by others. See Wikipedia's guide to writing better articles for suggestions.
Creation or preservation of a "sense of place. People wanted to live outside of city centers to avoid traffic, noise, crime, and other problems, and to have homes with more square footage and yard space. This is a 20th and 21st century phenomenon generated by the current custom of requiring a developer to provide subdivision infrastructure as a condition of development.
This fact sheet was first published in as part of Changing Roles: Every level of government—federal, state, regional, local, neighborhood—should examine its policies and practices and replace those that have contributed to urban sprawl with those that foster smart growth.
The wildland-urban interface is an area of changing land uses — often an increasing amount of development leading to increasingly fragmented natural areas. Coupled with the building of multi-storey, subsidised housing for the urban poor some located close to transit nodesthe result is that Addis Ababa is densifying, setting an example for what is possible in other cities facing similar challenges.
Local political institutions and smart growth: A major flood, fire, or war may require that a city be evacuated and rebuilt from the ground up.
He says the local market still has a long way to go in addressing those shifts, however, and Cox agrees. During the s, it was cleared again to make way for new development built along new urbanist lines. Big box stores surrounded by surface parking lots.
As they do, things that change quickly tend to become distinct from things that change more slowly. Many deprived suburbs of French cities were suddenly the scenes of clashes between youngsters and the police, with violence and numerous car burnings resulting in huge media coverage.
If programmers know that workmanship is invisible, and managers don't want to pay for it anyway, a vicious circle is born. Smart growth protects the natural processes that sustain life; preserves agricultural land, wildlife habitat, natural landmarks, and cultural resources; and integrates biodiversity, ecological systems, and natural greenspace green infrastructure into development.As anyone who has flown into Los Angeles at dusk or Houston at midday knows, urban areas today defy traditional notions of what a city is.
Our old definitions of urban, suburban, and rural fail to capture the complexity of these vast regions with their superhighways, subdivisions, industrial areas, office parks, and resort areas pushing far out into the countryside.
Mrs. Watson's Class, online resource for Lawton Chiles High School, AP Human Geography, World History, and History Fair. Urbanization refers to the population shift from rural to urban residency, the gradual increase in the proportion of people living in urban areas, and the ways in which each society adapts to this change.
It is predominantly the process by which towns and cities are formed and become larger as more people begin living and working in central areas.
Urban sprawl can lead a person arriving at a faraway location to believe that she never left home. Miles of cookie-cutter housing developments and concrete strip. Byalready three million acres of high quality Californian farmland was lost to urban areas. (35) One third of the prime agricultural land was gone by(36) and predictions for the year show that more than fourteen million acres of the southern state's highest quality farmland will have disappeared.
(37) In Environment and Man, Richard H. Wagner says that "the best farmland is. Urban planning has been around for as long as cities have existed, but the 20th century saw a number of bold ideas that radically changed the make-up of our urban centers.Download